Malaysia consists of two geographical regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysia Borneo, which are divided by the South China Sea.
Bordered by Thailand to the north and connected to Singapore in the south by a causeway and a bridge, Peninsular Malaysia occupies the extreme south of mainland Southeast Asia, lying between 2 and 7 degrees north of the Equator. Off the west coast is the Strait of Malacca, while the east coast looks out onto the South China Sea.
Generally referred to as East Malaysia, Malaysia Borneo comprises the states of Sarawak, the largest in Malaysia, and Sabah, which together occupy more than half of the country’s 127,445 sq miles (330,000 sq km). The states are located in the northern part of Borneo, the world’s third-largest island, which they share with tiny Brunei and Kalimantan, Indonesia. Borneo lies about 373 miles (600 km) east of Peninsular Malaysia, from which it is separated by the South China Sea.